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terminy

Define Collective Agreement In Business

21:14 6.12.2020 Napsal: petr.stibor

The right to bargain collectively with an employer strengthens the human dignity, freedom and autonomy of workers by giving them the opportunity to influence the definition of labour rules and thus gain some control over an important aspect of their lives, namely their work… Collective bargaining is not just a tool for pursuing external objectives… Rather, it is an experience as an experience of self-management that is in itself valuable… Collective bargaining enables workers to achieve some form of democracy in the workplace and to guarantee the rule of law in the workplace. Workers gain a voice to influence the definition of rules that control an important aspect of their lives. [8] A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing the workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act (1935) covers most collective agreements in the private sector. The Act makes it illegal for employers to discriminate, spy, harass or terminate workers because of their union membership or to retaliate for organizing campaigns or other „concerted activities,“ creating business unions or refusing to engage in collective bargaining with the union that represents their employees. It is also illegal to require any worker to join a union as a condition of employment. [12] Trade unions are also able to ensure safe working conditions and adequate remuneration for their work. In Finland, collective agreements are of general application.

This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. The United States recognizes collective agreements[9] [10] [11] To compare the types of collective bargaining between companies, industrial relations analysis uses different dimensions of collective bargaining: while a collective agreement is in force, it can only be modified by a voluntary and reciprocal agreement. An amendment to the duration of the agreement must be approved by the Labour Council. Once an interim agreement has been reached between the employer and union representatives, each union member has the opportunity to vote in favour of its acceptance or rejection. If at least 50% of union members who vote accept the agreement, it becomes legally binding. If union members do not accept the agreement, the employer and union representatives can continue negotiations. Alternatively, the union may call for a strike vote.

In addition, a strike vote must obtain at least 50% of the vote. Very rarely, if a union cannot obtain ratification or strike authorization, it will waive its right to represent workers. Good faith negotiations are aimed at obtaining collective agreements that are acceptable to both parties. In the absence of agreement, dispute resolution procedures can be used, from conciliation to arbitration to conciliation. In practice, the structure of negotiations in the United Kingdom is very complex. Collective bargaining on behalf of a certain group of workers can take place at more than one level. Some issues can be defined in sectoral negotiations, others by enterprise negotiations, while some issues can be subject to more than one level. If collective bargaining collapses, the parties may refer the matter to a third party for arbitration. If this is not the case, it is possible that a STRIKE or any other form of INDUSTRIAL ACTION may occur. See SINGLE TABLE BARGAINING. The union can negotiate with a single employer (who usually represents a company`s shareholder) or with a group of companies, depending on the country, in order to reach an industry-wide agreement.